Animal breeding programs have been very successful in improving the mean levels of traits through selection. However, in recent decades, reducing the variability of trait levels between individuals has become a highly desirable objective. Reaching this objective through genetic selection requires that there is genetic variation in the variability of trait levels, a phenomenon known as genetic heterogeneity of environmental (residual) variance. The aim of our study was to investigate the potential for genetic improvement of uniformity of harvest weight and body size traits (length, depth, and width) in the genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT) strain.
Genetic parameters for uniformity of harvest weight and body size traits in the GIFT strain of Nile tilapia
Marjanovic, J., Mulder, H.A., Khaw, H.L., Bijma, P. (2016)
Genetics Selection Evolution, 48(1) [open access]