In many parts of the developing world, aquaculture has been touted for quite some time as an excellent way to advance food security, especially in communities lacking a sustainable source of animal protein in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa.
Fish—including finfish and shellfish—are an important item in the human food basket, contributing 17 percent of the global animal-based protein supply in 2010. They are an especially valuable food source in developing countries, where more than 75 percent of the world’s fish consumption occurs.
Small indigenous fish species (SIS) are an important source of essential macro- and micronutrients which can play an important role in the elimination of malnutrition and micronutrient defciencies in the populations of many South and Southeast Asian countries.
Climate change is an unprecedented threat to the food security of hundreds of millions of people. Climate change affects agriculture and food security, and likewise, agriculture and natural resource management affect the climate system.
In the developing world, more than 1 billion people depend on fish for most of their animal protein, and another 1 billion people depend on livestock. Poor people, especially women and children, typically eat very little meat, milk and fish.