In Solomon Islands, an archipelago made up of almost 1,000 islands, fish is an important source of food and income. Most rural people live on coasts, small islands, and atolls and rely on agriculture as a main source of rural employment and livelihoods.

Fish accounts for 57% of total animal-source protein intake and is essential for nutritional wellbeing. Average fish consumption is high, ranging from 33 kg to 111 kg/person/year.

Around 30% of the total population depends on fishing for an income. The 2009 census reports that 11,607 people are employed in fisheries, with 1800 people employed directly in the local tuna industry.

Annual fish exports are around 299,692 kg for finfish and commodities, and around 7669 metric tons for tuna. While there is no commercial aquaculture production in the Solomon Islands, the country does export/produce seaweed, which in 2014 was around 600 metric tons.

WorldFish in Solomon Islands

WorldFish works with the Solomon Islands Government, other NGO partners and communities to reinvigorate traditional marine management to ensure sustainability of coastal fish production. WorldFish research in Solomon Islands includes improving resource management and governance at community, provincial, national and regional scales, and increasing nutritional awareness on the role of fish in diets, with a particular focus on women’s dietary diversity and infant and young children feeding practices.  

Current Priorities / Initiatives

  • Building a regional coalition to the ‘New Song’ Policy in the Pacific, informing how the Pacific Islands states can support implementation of the policy and their aspirations.
  • Combining nutritional education with an increase in demand and reorientation of food systems and agricultural production, and building.
  • Promoting social-ecological resilience for SSF-dependent communities using co-management approaches. 

Anticipated impacts by 2022

  • 0.02M producer households adopt improved breeds, aquafeeds, fish health and aquaculture and fisheries management practices
  • 0.05M people, of which at least 50% are women, are assisted to exit poverty through livelihood improvements related to fisheries and aquaculture value chains
  • 0.08M people, of which 50% are women, are without deficiencies of one or more of the following essential micronutrients: iron, zinc, iodine, vitamin A, folate and B12
  • 0.02M more women of reproductive age are consuming an adequate number of food groups
  • 0.25M hectares of ecosystems restored through more productive and equitable management of SSF resources and restoration of degraded aquaculture ponds

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