The main objective of this guide is to improve human safety during the COVID-19 pandemic in relation to harvesting and transporting live fish. Other objectives include (i) providing safer methods for handling and transportation, (ii) improving animal welfare, (iii) reducing road safety hazards, and (iv) detailing methods to reduce the cost of live fish transportation. However, some farmers and traders use inappropriate transportation practices, which have led to health hazards during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Micronutrient deficiencies account for an estimated one million premature deaths annually, and for some nations can reduce gross domestic product by up to 11%, highlighting the need for food policies that focus on improving nutrition rather than simply increasing the volume of food produced3. People gain nutrients from a varied diet, although fish—which are a rich source of bioavailable micronutrients that are essential to human health—are often overlooked.