Participatory diagnosis of coastal fisheries for North Tarawa and Butaritari island communities in the Republic of Kiribati

In support of the Kiribati National Fisheries Policy 2013–2025, the ACIAR project "Improving Community-Based Fisheries Management in Pacific Island Countries" aims to develop and nurture the structures, processes and capacity to implement and sustain national programs in Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

Food and nutrition security in Sierra Leone with a focus on fish in Tonkolili District

Sierra Leone, located on the west coast of Africa, has a population of 6.3 million, with an annual growth rate of 2.2%. Food insecurity and malnutrition are national concerns, as almost a quarter of the population is undernourished. Poor food availability, access and utilization contribute to undernourishment. Fish is an important part of the Sierra Leonean diet, so increasing fish production—and thus its availability and consumption—may help reduce malnutrition.

Fish, trade and food security: Moving beyond ‘availability’ discourse in marine conservation

The goal of food security increasingly serves as an objective and justification for marine conservation in the global south. In the marine conservation literature this potential link is seldom based upon detailed analysis of the socioeconomic pathways between fish and food security, is often based on limited assumptions about increasing the availability of fish stocks, and downplays the role of trade. Yet, the relationship between fish and food security is multi-faceted and complex, with various local contextual factors that mediate between fish and food security.

Increasing productivity and improving livelihoods in aquatic agricultural systems: a review of interventions

The doubling of global food demand by 2050 is driving resurgence in interventions for agricultural intensification. Globally, 700 million people are dependent on floodplain or coastal systems. Increased productivity in these aquatic agricultural systems is important for meeting current and future food demand. Agricultural intensification in aquatic agricultural systems has contributed to increased agricultural production, yet these increases have not necessarily resulted in broader development outcomes for those most in need.

A typology of fisheries management tools: using experience to catalyse greater success

Fisheries provide nutrition and livelihoods for coastal populations, but many fisheries are fully or over-exploited and we lack an approach for analysing which factors affect management tool performance. We conducted a literature review of 390 studies to assess how fisheries characteristics affected management tool performance across both small-scale and large-scale fisheries. We defined success as increased or maintained abundance or biomass, reductions in fishing mortality or improvements in population status.

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